Batticaloa is the proud capital of eastern Sri lanka. The region, which is bounded to the east by the Indian Ocean, has an average elevation of approximately five meters above sea level. Inhabiting the middle part of the province, Batticaloa has a long-standing culture with different unique traditions. Batticaloa is known for the beautiful lagoons flowing through it, especially the Batticaloa Lagoon, Valachcenai Lagoon, and Panichchankerni / Vakarai Lagoon. Batticaloa Lagoon, which is the longest, features widespread mangrove swamplands and sea grass beds that attract a wide variety of water birds that enter the coast. Batticaloa District covers an area around 2,633 square kilometers, which is about 3.8% of Sri Lanka's total land area. The topography of the district is relatively flat in the coastal areas but undulating in the western part. The scenery is varied with low land paddy fields, forests, scrub lands, wetlands and lagoons being predominant. The population of the District is around 596,300—composed of 158,606 families—and the density of population averages approximately 223 people per square Km.
Administrative structure of Batticaloa District
Batticaloa District had been divided into 14 Divisional Secretariat divisions which are composed of 345 Grama Niladhari Divisions and around 966 villages. The District of Batticaloa, one of the economically lagging areas of the country, has sporadically faced natural disasters such as a cyclone (1968), tsunami (2004) , and flood (2011) as well as ethnic conflict spanning three decades. The combined impact of these natural and man-made disasters is reflected by the district's present socio-economic conditions, crumbling commercial infrastructure, and the emergence of vulnerable social segments of the region